If a citizen of the Slovak Republic acquired the citizenship of another state after 1.4.2022, he / she may request that the citizenship of the Slovak Republic be retained. The Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic is notified of the acquisition of foreign citizenship and, once the legal conditions have been met, its Slovak citizenship will be retained.
Legal regulation of preserving Slovak citizenship
According to the current legislation effective from 01.04.2022 (§ 9 paras. 18 and 19 of the Act on Citizenship), citizenship of the Slovak Republic will not be lost if the citizen of the Slovak Republic acquired foreign citizenship citizenship residence, registered residence or otherwise registered residence for at least five years. The condition is that the citizen of the Slovak Republic actually stays in the territory of the foreign state during this period.
A citizen of the Slovak Republic is obliged to notify the Ministry in writing of the acquisition of foreign citizenship within 90 days of its acquisition and is obliged to submit documents in paper form proving the acquisition of foreign citizenship and the length of stay in the state of citizenship as of the date of its acquisition. The Ministry will also request additional documents if they are necessary to prove the residence of a citizen of the Slovak Republic in the territory of a foreign state.
The Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic has on its website a model form “notification of the acquisition of citizenship of another state.”
Please note that this legal regulation can be used only if the Slovak citizen acquired the citizenship of another state after 01.04.2022.
Ways of proving a 5-year stay in another state
Registered residence for at least five years in the state in which he was allowed to obtain foreign nationality at the time of acquiring foreign citizenship can be proved in various ways. Most often it will be a document / certificate of length of stay issued by a foreign state, a resident card, or documents of employment / study in a foreign state, which indicate the length of employment or study in that state.
Documents issued by a foreign state must have additional verification (apostille or superlegalization) and must be accompanied by an officially certified translation into Slovak. Documents issued in the Czech Republic are not translated.
Notification of the acquisition of citizenship of another state is delivered either to the embassy abroad or to the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic, also by post. There is therefore no need for personal involvement.
If you are interested in preparing and submitting a notification so that your Slovak citizenship is preserved, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at +421 915 046 749.
If, upon receipt of the notification, it proves that the residence condition is not met, the Ministry shall send a written notification of the loss of citizenship of the Slovak Republic and the execution of a record of its loss in the Central Register of Acquisition and Loss of Citizenship of the Slovak Republic and population registers of the Slovak Republic.
The Act on Citizenship of the Slovak Republic does not specify in more detail what specific documents could be used to demonstrate the fulfilment of the condition that a citizen of the Slovak Republic had a residence permit or otherwise registered residence in the state whose citizenship he was acquiring at the time of acquiring foreign citizenship. Likewise, the Act does not specify in more detail what specific documents it is possible to use to prove that a citizen of the Slovak Republic actually stayed in the territory of the state in which he had a residence permit during this time.
In the official form intended for the notification of the loss of the citizenship of the Slovak Republic, it is stated that the notifier submits all documents that can confirm or be helpful in the notification of the acquisition of the citizenship of a foreign country, while the documents proving 5 years of residence in the state whose citizenship he acquires are primarily: a document / confirmation of length of stay / residency issued by a foreign country, resident card, or documents confirming employment or study in a foreign country.
Document confirming employment could be for example an employment contract with the place of work in the state of residency etc. Other documents could be for example documents proving payment of rent, hospitalization in a medical facility etc.
We would like to point out that documents issued by a foreign country must have additional verification, unless an international agreement stipulates otherwise, and they must be accompanied by an officially certified translation into the Slovak language. (Documents issued in the Czech Republic do not need to be translated into Slovak.)
If you are interested, we will be happy to provide you with further legal services related to citizenship.