Slovak citizenship by descent

Slovak citizenship for Slovaks living abroad and descendants of former citizens

For persons of Slovak origin, at least one of their parents, grandparents or great-grandparents, the amendment to the Act allows them to acquire Slovak citizenship on their own application. According to the amendment, an applicant may be granted citizenship of the Slovak Republic without fulfilling the condition of continuous permanent residence if he or she was not a Slovak citizen and at least one of his or her parents, grandparents or great-grandparents was a Czechoslovak citizen born in the territory of the Slovak Republic, provided that he or she is a Slovak citizen and has a residence permit in the territory of the Slovak Republic.

Interesting fact

Minors are not granted citizenship by descent from their ancestors if neither of their parents is a Slovak citizen.

“For applications under the provisions of Act No. 40/1993 on Slovak citizenship, as amended, it is a condition that the applicant’s great-grandparents were born in the territory of the present Slovak Republic and at any time during their lives held Czechoslovak citizenship. This must also be documented – place of birth in Slovakia and relationship by birth certificates, Czechoslovak citizenship of ancestors e.g. passports of the Czechoslovak Republic, certificate of Czechoslovak citizenship, census sheets from the Slovak National Archives.” (source: District office Bratislava)

At the same time, the descendants of Slovak citizens are entitled to permanent residence, i.e. they can apply for permanent residence for 5 years for reasons of special consideration together with the application for Slovak citizenship. Therefore, there is no need to apply for a certificate of a Slovak living abroad, which will simplify the whole process of obtaining citizenship.

For Slovaks living abroad, the requirement to demonstrate proficiency in the Slovak language in words and writing and general knowledge of the Slovak Republic is removed. Such a person may be granted Slovak citizenship if he or she has resided continuously in the territory of the Slovak Republic for at least three years or if he or she is a person who has been granted residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic and has made a significant contribution to the community of Slovaks living abroad, from which he or she comes, in the economic, scientific, technical, cultural, social or sporting fields.

You will only need to provide the following documents with your application for permanent residency for five years:

  • A valid travel document,
  • 2 photographs of the face 3 x 3.5 cm,
  • documents proving entitlement to citizenship from an ancestor, e.g. birth certificate of parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, marriage certificate, naturalization papers, etc.

If you are interested in obtaining ancestral citizenship and permanent residency, please contact us at

Contact us.

EN Kontaktný formulár (#13)


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