Granting of citizenship of foreigners in Slovakia

Conditions for granting citizenship in Slovakia are governed by § 7 of Act no. 40/1993 Coll. on citizenship of the Slovak Republic.

Condition of residence in Slovakia

To grant Slovak citizenship in Slovakia is only possible if the foreigner : 

  1. has continuous permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic for at least eight years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic or
  2. has continuous residence in the Slovak Republic for at least ten years (for example temporary) and at the time of application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic had already been granted a permanent residence permit or
  3. married to a citizen of the Slovak Republic, this marriage lasts and lives in the same household in the territory of the Slovak Republic for at least five years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic

The residence is determined by the statement of the Alien Police and is demonstrated, for example, by documents relating to the payment of taxes in Slovakia, employment contracts for work performed in Slovakia, etc.

When the condition of residence is not required

Exceptions to the obligation to prove residence are specific cases, i.e. in the case of a person who: 

  • has significantly contributed to the benefit of the Slovak Republic
  • has continuous permanent residence in the Slovak Republic for at least three years before reaching the age of 18
  • is a minor whose legal representative or guardian is a citizen of the Slovak Republic or a legal person designated by the Court of the Slovak Republic, and has continuous permanent residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic for at least two years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic
  • is a refugee for at least four years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic
  • was born in the Slovak Republic and has the permanent residence for at least three years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic
  • has continuous residence in the Slovak Republic for at least ten years and at the time of application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic has already been granted a permanent residence permit, or is stateless and has continuous residence in the terrirory of the Slovak Republic for at least three years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic
  • was dismissed from the state of the Slovak Republic and has continuous residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic for at least two years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic
  • one of his parents was at the time of his birth a Czechoslovak citizen and the other parent foreigner – Czechoslovak citizen did not request an assent to the acquisition of Czechoslovak citizenship the regional national committee and has continuous residence in the territory of the Slovak Republic for at least two years immediately preceding the filling of the application for citizenship of the Slovak Republic

Other conditions for granting citizenship of the Slovak Republic

In addition to the above requirement of residence, for granting citizenship of SR must be fulfilled at the same time further conditions:

  • demonstration of mastery of the Slovak language in speaking and writing and general knowledge of the Slovak Republic
  • to fulfill his obligations under the legislation governing the residence of foreigners in the Slovak Republic, health insurance, social insurance, retirement savings, taxes, levies, fees, employment of foreigners and other obligations for the foreigners under the law of the Slovak Republic
  • person must be upstanding, without the imposition of a sentence of expulsion, shall not be a subject to criminal prosecution or extradition proceedings or proceedings on the execution of the European arrest warrant or proceedings concerning deportation (administrative expulsion) or withdrawal of asylum

Contact us.

Mobile

+421 915 046 749 (8-18 h Mo-Fri)

Address

AKMV advokatska kancelaria s. r. o. Pluhová 17, 831 03 Bratislava Slovenská republika
ID:47 095 652 VAT:SK 2023819710

Questions from the legal advice room

Acquisition of citizenship of the Slovak Republic by US citizens

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Ability to become a Slovak citizen

My brother and I are interested in understanding our abilities to become Slovak citizens.Our father was born and grew up in Slovakia,...

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The residence permit is still not granted and we decided to change the accommodation

The application for the residence permit in Slovakia was submitted in Bratislava. The residence permit is still not granted. Meantime,...

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