My brother and I are interested in understanding our abilities to become Slovak citizens.
Our father was born and grew up in Slovakia, and as a result, we are seeking to gain
our Slovak citizenship.
There are several circumstances that have led us to believe we are qualified for citizenship:
1) When my father was naturalized in the US in November 1974, he had no option to keep his
Slovak citizenship. He would have wanted to, had that been available to him.
2) Descendant citizenship - both of our grandparents were Holocaust survivors in
Czechoslovakia, and our father was born there immediately afterwards, in 1946. I believe there
is a status for citizenship for the families of those who survived the war.
We would greatly appreciate it if you could help us through this matter.
In general, if at least one of the parents is a Slovak citizen at the time of the child's birth, the child automatically acquires Slovak citizenship. Citizenship legislation has changed several times in the past, so it is possible that even if you acquired citizenship at birth, you could lose it.
Since 1949, a child born abroad acquired the citizenship at birth if his father and mother were citizens; a child who was born abroad and whose father or mother was a citizen, while the second parent was a foreigner, acquired citizenship if the regional national committee gave its consent at the request of the parent who is a citizen. An application for consent should be submitted within one year of birth.
Íf you father was naturalized in 1974, the loss of his Czechoslovak citizenship probably occurred on the basis of the Convention on Naturalization concluded between Czechoslovakia and the USA (effective until 1997).
Please let us know when and where your brother and you were born. We will provide you with more information.
If you want to find out or to verify if you acquired the citizenship by birth, you can apply for a Certificate of Citizenship. You can request its issuance at the Embassy of the Slovak Republic abroad or at the district office in the seat of the region in the territory of the Slovak Republic.
If you did not acquire citizenship by birth, as a descendant of a Slovak citizen you can apply for a certificate of a Slovak living abroad. The conditions for obtaining it are listed on the website of the Office for Slovaks Living Abroad. The holder of a certificate of a Slovak living abroad can apply for a temporary residence permit in Slovakia. This type of temporary residence entitles the holder to do business and work in Slovakia. After three years of temporary residence as a Slovak living abroad, a foreigner can apply for a Slovak citizenship.
You can apply for the citizenship of the Slovak Republic at the district office in the seat of the region according to your place of residence. On our site you can find information about the conditions you must meet in order to be granted the citizenship.
The Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic will decide on your application within 24 months, during which you must still be granted temporary residence as a Slovak living abroad.
I would like to draw your attention to the planned amendment to the Act on Citizenship, which is currently in the inter-ministerial comment procedure.
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